Monday, August 30, 2010


Rhododendron (from the Greek: ροδον, rodon, meaning "rose", and δενδρον, dendron, meaning "tree") is a genus of flowering plants in the family Ericaceae. It is a large genus with over 1000 species and most have showy flower displays. It includes the plants known to gardeners as azaleas. It is the national flower of Nepal, the State flower of Sikkim, and the State Flower of both West Virginia and Washington in the USA.

The Rhododendron is a genus characterized by shrubs and small to (rarely) large trees, the smallest species growing to 10–100 cm tall, and the largest, R. giganteum, reported to over 30 m tall. The leaves are spirally arranged; leaf size can range from 1–2 cm to over 50 cm, exceptionally 100 cm in R. sinogrande. They may be either evergreen or deciduous. In some species the underside of the leaves is covered with scales (lepidote) or hairs (indumentum). Some of the best known species are noted for their many clusters of large flowers. There are alpine species with small flowers and small leaves, and tropical species such as section Vireya that often grow as epiphytes.

Thursday, August 05, 2010

Relative Clauses

I met a woman. She can speak six languages.
She -->who
I met a woman who can speak six languages.

Jim was wearing a hat. It was too big for him.
It --> that or which
Jim was wearing a hat which was too big for him.

Who… is for people (not things):
A thief is a person who steals things.
Do you know anybody who can play the piano.
I know somebody who knows you.
The people who work in the office are very friendly.

That… is for things (and sometimes people):
An aeroplane is a machine that flies.
Jack lives in a house that is 500 years old.
That is also possible for people (Do you know anybody that can play piano?), but it is usually netter to say who.

Which… is only for things:
An aeroplane is a machine which flies.
Jack lives in a house which is 500 years old.
Don’t use which for people

Modal In Simple Present and Past Tenses

Modal Auxiliary Verb in Simple Present Tense

Verb Sentence
S + modal auxiliary + V bi + (rest of sentence)
We can go to the beach on time by bus.
We must go to the beach by bus.
We may go to the beach by bus.
We must can (X): We must be able to do all homeworks well.
Nominal Sentence
S + modal auxiliary + be + 3C
We can be there on time bu bus.
We must be there on time.
We may go be there on time.
We may can (X): We may be able to do all homeworks correctly.

Modal Auxiliary Verb in Simple Past Tense

Verb Sentence
S + modal auxiliary + V bi + (rest of sentence)
We could go to the beach on time by bus yesterday.
We had to go to the beach by bus.
We might go to beach by bus.
We had to can (X) : We had to be able to do all homeworks well.
Nominal Sentence
S + modal auxiliary + be + 3C
We could be there on time by bus last week.
We had to be there on time last week.
We might go be there on time.
We might can (X) : We might be able to do all homeworks correctly last week.

NASA Spacecraft Sees Solar Flare

On August 1st, the sun emitted a C-class solar flare that spawned what scientists call a coronal mass ejection, or CME, headed toward Earth. The CME impacted Earth's magnetic field August 3rd. CMEs occasionally hit Earth. This CME will have few noticeable consequences beyond producing an aurorae.

The CME hit Earth's magnetic field on August 3rd at 1740 UT. The impact sparked a G2-class geomagnetic storm that lasted nearly 12 hours--time enough for auroras to spread all the way from Europe to North America. The possible arrival of a second CME on August 4th might provide even better spectacular auroral displays.

CMEs are large clouds of charged particles that are ejected from the sun over the course of several hours and can carry up to ten billion tons of plasma. They expand away from the sun at speeds as high as a million miles an hour. A CME can make the 93-million-mile journey to Earth in just two to four days. Stronger solar storms could cause adverse impacts to space-based assets and technological infrastructure on Earth.

The sun goes through a regular activity cycle about 11 years long. The last solar maximum occurred in 2001 and its recent extreme solar minimum was particularly weak and long lasting. These kinds of eruptions are one of the first signs that the sun is waking up and heading toward another solar maximum expected in the 2013 time frame.

Wednesday, August 04, 2010

Mendut Temple

Mendut temple is located at Mendut village, mungkid district, Magelang regency, about 38 km northwest of Yogyakarta and 3 km eastern of Borobudur temple. It faces west contrary to Borobudur temple which has it’s front to the east. Mendut temple faces toward Benares, India who Buddha Gautama taught for the first time.

Mendut temple was built at about the same times as Borobudur temple, in the second half of the eight century, and most probably by Sri Maharaja Panangkaran, the first king of Syailendra dynasty. The height of mendut temple is 26,40 m, which contains of the foot basement, the body and the peak. Above the basement there is a square stage surrounding the body of the temple, which has the relief/ornaments style the figure of animals e.g. monkey, deer, tiger, bird, crocodile and turtle. In the adjoining cell we observe the statue of Buddha Sakyamuni, sitting on a throne and respectirely on the left and the right hand are the statue of Lokesvara (a small image of Amitaba in his crown) and Vajraponi (a Vajra weapon of Indra in his crown). Below the statue of Buddha Sakyamuni, we distinguish a cakra wheel between two deer. The handpose of the Buddha image is turning the wheel of the law of cause and effect.

Art Museum H. Widayat

H. Widayat’s concept of his own museum was expressed in a design by an architect Ir. H. Edji Sukedji who knew during the pilgrimage. The museum’s building was on a land of about 5000 m2 consisting of two floors approximately as large as about 2500 m2. With the beam from the sun lights breaking through the glass walls, it consists of 1st FLOOR EXHIBITION ROOM to display the works of H. Widayat in various media, while the 2nd FLOOR EXHIBITION ROOM is used to display other artists’ works which are the museum’s collection.

In it’s early development, H. Widayat also built a dwelling which is also his studio and guest houses for his guests to stay. The museum was to exhibit the selected fine artworks by late H. Widayat and board of curators to become a permanent collection and to be enjoyed by art lovers and people at large.

The development of the museum was done in 1994 ang officially opened on April 30th 1994 by minister of education and culture, Prof. DR. Ing. Wardiman Djojonegoro.

based on leaflet

Tuesday, August 03, 2010

Ilmuwan NASA Peringatkan Tsunami Surya Akan Menghantam Bumi

Selasa, 03 Agustus 2010 | 05:59 WIB

TEMPO Interaktif, Jakarta - Bumi bisa terkena gelombang cuaca ruang angkasa pada hari Selasa menyusul sebuah ledakan besar matahari, menurut para ilmuwan.
Kembang api matahari di akhir pekan telah dicatat oleh beberapa satelit, termasuk Solar Dynamics Observatory NASA yang menyaksikan riak gelombang kejut yang keluar.
Para astronom dari seluruh dunia menyaksikan suar besar di atas sunspot raksasa seukuran Bumi, yang terkait dengan letusan lebih besar di permukaan matahari.
Ledakan ini bertujuan langsung menuju Bumi, yang kemudian mengirimkan tsunami matahari sejauh 93 juta mil melintasi ruang.
Gambar dari SDO menunjuk pada gelombang kejut yang berjalan dari suar ke angkasa, New Scientist melaporkan.
Para ahli mengatakan gelombang gas penuh tenaga kemungkinan mencapai Bumi pada hari Selasa, ketika akan berjuang menembus perisai magnetik alam yang melindungi Bumi.
Hal ini kemungkinan memicu tampilan spektakuler dari aurora atau cahaya utara dan selatan.
Para ilmuwan telah memperingatkan bahwa letusan matahari yang sangat besar bisa menghancurkan satelit dan merusak jaringan energi dan komunikasi di seluruh dunia jika itu terjadi hari ini.
NASA baru-baru ini memperingatkan bahwa Inggris bisa menghadapi pemadaman listrik yang luas dan tanpa sinyal komunikasi untuk jangka waktu yang lama, setelah bumi terkena badai ruang angkasa.
The Daily Telegraph mengungkapkan pada bulan Juni bahwa ilmuwan senior badan antariksa itu percaya bumi akan terpukul oleh energi magnetik jilatan api matahari dengan tingkat yang belum pernah terjadi sebelumnya setelah Matahari bangun dari sebuah tidur panjang sekitar tahun 2013.


Monday, August 02, 2010